AC Joint Injury

 The acromio-clavicular (AC) joint is the joint formed between the clavicle (collarbone) and the acromion (the tip of the shoulder blade). You can feel it, if you put your hand on top of your shoulder, it is the bony bump about 4cms from the edge of the shoulder.

The AC joint is a link between the arm and the trunk and is the only bony join between the shoulder blade and the rest of the body. It helps transmit load from the arm to the trunk in pushing, pulling punching and resting on the arm.

How the AC joint is injured?

The AC joint is a quite common...

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Achilles Tendinopathy

What is Achilles Tendinopathy?

Tendinopathy is a term used to describe overuse. Achilles tendinopathy describes an overuse condition in the Achilles region. There are 2 types of Achilles tendinopathy: midportion and insertional. There are different stages of tendinopathy. Early stage tendinopathy shows changes in the cells in the area and in later stages there are disruptions of the cells as well as collagen disruption and an increase in blood vessels. The changes that are present in early stage tendinopathy are reversible however once the injury progresses into the...

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ACL Injuries

What are they?

A torn ACL is a significant injury, especially for sports players. The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is a band of fibrous tissue connecting the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia). The primary functions are to limit twisting (rotational) forces through the leg, and to prevent forward movement of the tibia on the femur. ACL injuries occur frequently in sports involving pivoting and sudden deceleration e.g. football, basketball, netball, soccer, gymnastics and downhill skiing.

How does it happen?

The majority of...

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Bike Set Up

Why get a Bike Set Up?

We aim to create a cycling environment that looks at YOU, not just your bike.  Too often we see cyclists in aggressive positions that their bodies aren’t able to sustain.  This ultimately results in fatigue and injury.  We aim to make your body more suitable to the riding position, and a better fit between you and your bike.

At PhysioSport qualified and experienced physiotherapists use Retül technologies; a cycling specific motion-capture bike fit system designed to provide accurate and comprehensive bike fit data.  This uses a 3...

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What is the carpal tunnel?

The carpal tunnel is a canal formed by ligaments and the small bones of the wrist on the palm side of your hand. Several tendons, blood vessels and a nerve pass through the carpal tunnel as they travel from the forearm to the hand. The nerve that passes through this narrow tunnel is called the Median nerve. If the median nerve is be compressed, it may result in carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS):

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Cervical Headaches

Headaches can literally be a pain in the neck. They are frequently caused by joint or muscular dysfunction in the neck, poor posture, emotional tension or a combination of these. Headaches originating from or relating to neck dysfunction can be very successfully treated & prevented by Physiotherapy.

What is a Cervical Headache? 

Cervical headaches or cervicogenic headaches are headaches caused by abnormalities in the cervical (neck and head) region, the cause is variable as described above. The mechanism of production of the headache is also variable. It...

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Cervical Whiplash

What is it?

A whiplash injury occurs whenever there is a rapid acceleration or deceleration which affects the cervical spine. The head is violently rocked forward, stretching and tearing muscles and ligaments. The soft pulpy discs between the vertebrae can bulge, tear, or rupture. Vertebrae can be forced out of their normal position, reducing range of motion. The spinal cord and nerve roots get stretched, irritated, and compressed.

How does it occur...

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Extensor Tendinopathy "Tennis Elbow"

What is Extensor Tendinopathy?

Extensor tendinopathy or as it is most commonly know “tennis elbow” is pain in the outside of the elbow that comes from inflammation and degeneration of the tendons on the outside of the elbow. The tendons are part of the muscles that control movements of the wrist, hand and fingers. Extensor Tendinopathy is classified as an overuse injury occurring at the common extensor origin (CEO) on the outside of the elbow. The wrist extensor muscles are attached to the CEO via a common tendon. This overuse condition occurs due to repetitive...

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Fit For Gardening

Pain free until Spring time:

Every spring thousands of Australians venture out into their yards and gardens over the weekend for splurges of planting, weeding and landscaping. Sore necks, backs, knees and muscles can happen after these spurts of activity, especially after winter when we've all been a little less active.

Physiotherapy and Gardening:

Physiotherapists are able to treat, educate and advise people on the aches and pains that may arise after arduous sessions in the garden. With a few tips and taking some preventable measures...

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What is a fracture?

A break in the continuity of a bone.

Fractures like most injuries come in many forms from relatively minor fractures to major life threatening injuries.  The following information will allow you to find out where your fracture fits in this continuum so you have a better understanding of what it is, how and why it occurred, what the healing process involves and what you can do to assist this process.

Causes of Fractures

  1. Traumatic Incident
  2. Repetitive Stress
  3. Pathological (abnormal...

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Groin Injuries

A groin injury is a layman's term for a muscle strain of the adductor muscles.  A strain is a stretch or tear of a muscle or tendon. The muscles in your groin help bring your legs together. There are two muscles that may commonly get injured in a groin strain: the adductor magnus (the muscle running down the inner side of the thigh), and the sartorius (a thinner muscle that starts on the outside of your hip, crosses your thigh, and attaches near the inside of the knee).

What are the adductor Muscles? 

They are a group of muscles located on the inside of the...

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Injury Management

Sports injuries are NOT inevitable but, sadly, they are common. We believe that all athletes should have a basic knowledge of first aid but, even more importantly, they should understand and follow the relatively simple guidelines for injury management when and if injuries occur. A small amount of early care can often make the difference between being unable to compete for a week and being unable to compete for a month or even longer.

The most important time in the treatment of acute soft tissue injuries is the 24 hours immediately following injury.

Appropriate treatment at...

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Injury Prevention

Injury Prevention is a topic much discussed in health and physiotherapy circles. As well as considerations of pain and suffering for the injured patients, it is a vital issue in attempts to decrease health costs and insurance premiums, improve sporting performance and increase participation in healthy activity. It is also something which the health professions are never likely to be completely successful at, for as long as people play sport, lift things, sit too long or drive cars (amongst many other activities) there will be injuries.

What is an Injury? 

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Labral tears of the Shoulder

What is the shoulder labrum? 

The shoulder or glenoid is a rim of thick cartilage tissue around the edge of the shoulder socket (the shoulder is a ball and socket joint). The labrum helps to make the shoulder socket deeper and in this way helps to make the shoulder more stable. The labrum is the site of attachment to one of the tendons of the bicep muscle (it attaches to the top part of the labrum) as well as the shoulder joint ligaments and the shoulder joint capsule.

How is the labrum injured? 

The most common injury to the labrum is...

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Managing Mastitis

What is Mastitis? 

Mastitis is a condition where the breast is inflamed. Commonly, an area of the breast is red and tender. There may also be a blocked duct which feels like a lump in the breast. Mastitis generally occurs in the first 3 months after your baby's birth. There is a peak of occurrence at the second week postpartum and another peak at 5-6 weeks.

Signs of Mastitis 

Part or all of the breast is markedly painful, hot and tender to touch, and may look red and swollen

You may feel tired, nausea, run down, have chills, a...

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Meniscal Injuries of the Knee

How do they occur? 

In the knee there are two menisci (Cartilage pads) the medial (sitting on the inside of the knee) and the lateral meniscus (on the outer side of the knee joint). The medial meniscus is more commonly injured than the lateral meniscus.

The most common mechanism of injury is a twisting injury with the foot anchored on the ground, often by another player’s body. The twisting component may be a relatively slow speed. It is commonly seen in footballs, basketballers and netballers. The degree of pain associated with this injury varies, some...

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Muscle Contusions

What is a muscle contusions? 

Muscle contusions are extremely common injuries especially in contact sports and sports that involve collisions for example football, hockey, basketball etc.

Contusions normally occur as a result of a result of a direct blow or repeated blow from an opposition player, contact with equipment including sticks or the ball or by falling or jamming part of your body against a hard surface, crushing underlying muslce fibres and connective tissue without breaking the skin. The direct blow causes local damage to the muscle with bleeding...

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